The CSCM – World Congress on Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Science & Consequence Management continues the tradition from seven previous Congresses held under the prior name: “CBMTS-Industry – World Congress of CBRN Threats and Terrorism.
Traditionally, as an introduction to CSCM Congress, Pre-congress workshop “Workshop on Defense and Protection of Cities from CBRN Threats” was held from 13 to 14 April 2013, successfully chaired by Colonel Randy Lee Smith, the Chief of Staff the Joint Command of NATO CBRN Centre of Excellence. The workshop included 18 very interesting presentations with 70 participants from over 20 countries in attendance. The workshop has sparked a lot of interest because, globally speaking, there have been few similar meetings covering urban safety and security and providing a more detailed discussion of practical issues related to preventive measures and preparedness in case of large cities CBRN terrorist threats and Mass Casualties Incidents.
On 16 April 2013 there was a demonstration of Congress exercise which was actively participated by: Antiterrorist unit of Special Police, Ministry of the Interior, Croatian Armed Forces -NBC Defence Battalion, Fire Brigade Unit of Zagreb, National Protection and Rescue Directorate, DOK-ING robotic mine clearance and fire-fighting systems and fire brigade and public health officials of the town of Cavtat.
The exercise was aimed at the contemporary scientific and technical basis of practical and usable display real achievements in the development and use of robotic systems in the war on contemporary unconventional terrorism and organized crime. Also, the object of the exercise was to display the capabilities of Croatian companies in the production of modern robotic systems and Croatian security system in response to new threats in circumstances surrounding the accession of Croatia to the EU and its ability to ensure the Schengen border.
In accordance with the patronage of the Croatian President Prof. Dr. Ivo Josipović, CSCM Congress was organized in the University College of Applied Sciences in Safety and Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb, Croatia and in co-organization with OSDIFE – Observatory on Security and CBRNe Defence, Roma, Italy, and cooperative ministries, government organizations and institutions, from 14 to 19 April 2013 there was the eighth in a series of conferences “CSCM – World Congress on Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Sciences & Consequence Management.”
Congress started work with opening ceremony and official welcome, introductions, and a brief talks by Mr. Gordan Kolak, General Manager of DOK-ING Corporation, and Mr. Jadran Perinić, Director of the National Protection and Rescue Directorate, with opening speech by Mr. Zlatko Gareljić, CSCM Congress Director, Adviser to the President of the Republic of Croatia for the Defense Affairs and Maj. Gen. Mate Pađen, deputy Chief of General Staff of the Croatian Armed Forces for Operations, the envoy of the President Prof. Dr. Ivo Josipović, on whose behalf he opened the Congress.
The ceremonial opening of the Congress was followed by riveting presentations of key speakers: Colonel Randy Lee Smith, Chief of Staff the Joint Command of NATO CBRN Centre of Excellence, Mr. Michael Thornton, European Union Joint Research Centre – JRC – European Commission, General Pietro Finocchio, International Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association-AFCEA, Regional Vice President – Mediterranean Region and Mr. David German, Head of Human Reliability Analysis Program at Idaho National Laboratory, Battelle Energy Alliance.
Despite the global economic crisis, when we are witnessing cancellations of many such gatherings in the world this year, the organizers of the congress tried and to maintain the continuity of this important series of scientific conferences, which is entirely self-financed. The Congress and the workshop were attended by 96 scientists out of the total of 196 participants from 37 countries worldwide. The scientific part of the congress was held in the six sectors and 13 sections.
Sector I, Chemical Threat chaired by Prof. Dr. Kamil Kuca from the Czech Republic, included two sessions with 10 presentations covering new antidotes and medical aspects of treatment in case of chemical warfare agent’s use, and new mechanisms in the pathogenesis of skin chemical warfare agents. Lecturers also presented improving of CBRN forensic capabilities and monitoring of the most common sites for spreading hazardous substances, especially CBR agents.
Sector II, Biological Threat, chaired by Dr. Stefa Stienstra from the Netherlands, included three sessions with 17 presentations. Particularly interesting was the section and lectures on Biosafety in the South Caucasus and notably in Georgia, whose scientists display all the protection and prevention procedures and preparedness in case of intentional or accidental spreading of infectious diseases, specifically biological and toxin warfare agents. Lectures in the other two section included national biosecurity research programs, comprehensive approaches to analyze samples of biological toxins, and new methods of detection and medical treatment in case terrorists use of biological and toxin warfare agents such as anthrax.
Sector III, Existing and Future Civil-Military Systems Interlocking to address the New CBRNe Challenges: A Comprehensive, Integrated and Multidimensional Approach, under the chairmanship of Prof. Roberto Mugavero from Italy, included two sessions with 10 presentations covering very interesting new approaches to detection, medical treatment and decontamination, and reducing the impacts and possible consequences of the weapons of mass destruction, CBRN pre-hospital response and impact profiling of CBRN l Incidents. In most lectures the importance of Civil-Military Cooperation in CBRN Defense was emphasized.
Sector IV, Crisis Consequence Management, chaired by Peter Lejeune from the United States, included two sessions with 17 presentations. Sector sessions: CBRN Consequence Management and military support to first responders, Crisis Communications and CBR Incident Management demonstrated very successfully new approaches of consequence management of crises and Mass Casualty Incidents such as terrorism that uses chemical, biological and radiological agents and weapons.
Sector V, Protective materials, clothing and equipment against CBRN threats, chaired by Prof. Edita Vujasinović, included 6 very interesting presentations. This sector was prepared by scientists from the Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb and presented new insights and approaches to the materials that successfully protect against the effects of chemical, biological and toxin contaminants.
Sector VI, Robotic and Automation Systems, under the chairmanship of Prof. Nandway Chitumbo from Austria, included two sessions with 10 very interesting presentations on robotic and automation systems in the energy sector and in the Military, Police and Industry security to control due CBRN threats especially in detection and identifying and resolving any problem of dangerous situations that can’t be performed by human beings.
At the end of the congress there was a section “Sector Chairs Summaries” in the reports submitted by Chairs in their respective Chairs of sections. In the course of workshops and conferences 81 presentations were held, shows one joint conference organized exercise and 9 presentations of the Congress sponsors. In total there were 96 presentations reported, but due to a variety of objective reasons, 15 of them were not presented, but will be published in the Congress Proceedings.
It was concluded that this CSCM Congress in scientific terms was so far the best and had the strong support of scientists and experts, active participants of the congress. Scientists from Georgia will follow the CSCM conferences and the next CSCM Congress will be held in Tbilisi from 1 to 4 June 2014.
More information on the CSCM Congress can be found here.