Collectively, infectious diseases have proven to be global scourges and the single most important contributor to human suffering, morbidity and mortality throughout various periods of history. From ancient B.C ,throughout the Middle Ages to Victorian times to the present day, the lethality of various microorganisms has touched the most primitive tribes to the most sophisticated urban dwellers. Low and middle income countries (LMICs), ie. “developing nations” continue to suffer the brunt and burden of both common and exotic pathogens usually exacerbated by malnutrition, lack of access to healthcare, inadequate public health infrastructure and extremely poor sanitary conditions.

Geopolitical factors, armed conflicts and civil strife have further exacerbated the health threats to these societies by generating complex humanitarian emergencies throughout several areas of the world. Many of the world’s LMICs suffer with severe conditions of impoverishment and stark health disparities when compared to wealthy ,industrialized nation-states. Sociocultural factors, such as ritualistic behaviors and practices, exotic food habits, religious beliefs and folklore often are contributory factors to the evolution of infectious disease outbreaks, such as HIV/AIDS and Ebola viral hemorrhagic fever in Africa.

Read Mr. Rando’s full article here.