A paper by Dr. Oren Milstein, Chief Scientific Officer, Research and Development, Stemrad Inc., USA; Dr. Itzhak Orion, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Ben Gurion, Beer Sheva, Israel; Dr. Andrey Broisman, Department of Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rebovot, Israel; Tuvia Schlesinger, DSc, Research and Development, Stemrad Inc., USA

The destructive potential of radioactive material may be realized following an accidental or intentional reactor meltdown, a radiological ‘dirty’ bomb explosion or even a nuclear detonation. These risks are
fueled by the ongoing race of unstable regimes to obtain nuclear arms. Most worrisome is a scenario in which terrorists acquire a nuclear weapon. Thus, there is an ever-growing risk of radiological
catastrophe.

According to a report by the U.S. Government (National Planning Scenarios, March 2006), if terrorists were to ground detonate a 10-kiloton nuclear bomb in Washington D.C., the blast would kill 15,000 people. Even more disturbing though is the number of deaths resulting from exposure to gamma radiation: 95,000 to 190,000. The report concluded that “perhaps the greatest potential impact on saving lives will be activities immediately following the detonation that address the reduction of the population’s future radiation dose”. This report emphasizes the dangers of gamma radiation and underlines the need for first responders to operate under radiation to minimize further loss of life.

Please access the Full Paper by clicking on the following link: Milstein – NCT CBRNe USA 2015

The Full Paper by Milstein, Orion, Broisman and Schlesinger will be presented during NCT CBRNe USA Innovation Stream, taking place from April 29 to May 1.

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