GLOBAL BIODEFENSE – Beyond deaths, injuries, and displacements, the ongoing Syrian war is causing growing infectious disease epidemics. Sima Sharara, from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA, and Souha Kanj, from the American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon, briefly describe in PLOS Pathogens the devastating effects of the conflict on the Syrian healthcare system and focus on the increasing number of cases of poliomyelitis, measles, and cutaneous leishmaniasis in the region, which they say is nothing short of a regional, and arguably global, public health emergency. Continue